2022 Farm Profitability Outlook: Manufacturing Bills Up, Web Farm Earnings Down – Farm Bureau Information

Market Intel
February 15, 2022

Market Intel / February 15, 2022
USDA’s most up-to-date Farm Sector Earnings Forecast, launched Feb. 4, anticipates a slight decline in internet farm earnings for 2022. U.S. internet farm earnings, a broad measure of farm profitability, is at the moment forecasted at $113.7 billion, down 4.5%, or $5.4 billion, from 2021’s $119.1 billion. If realized, this might characterize the primary drop in internet farm earnings after two consecutive years of good points. Nevertheless, the anticipated internet farm earnings for 2022 can be 82% larger than the last decade low of $62 billion in 2016 and 15.2% above the 2001-2020 common of $98.7 billion when adjusted for inflation. 
Web Farm Earnings Breakdown
A good portion of the decline in internet farm earnings is linked to an anticipated dramatic lower in federal help to producers assuming a lot much less pandemic-related catastrophe help. Direct authorities funds are forecast to lower by $15.5 billion, a whopping 57%, between 2021 and 2022. As displayed in Determine 2, the lower corresponds to reductions in each USDA pandemic help, which incorporates funds from the Coronavirus Meals Help Packages and different pandemic help to producers, and non-USDA pandemic help packages, reminiscent of funds from the Small Enterprise Administration’s Paycheck Safety Program.
From 2021 to 2022, federal funds although USDA’s pandemic help initiatives are anticipated to drop $4.4 billion, from $7.8 billion to $3.4 billion, or 56%, and non-USDA pandemic help is anticipated to vanish fully, at a distinction of $8.73 billion from 2021. Along with the lowered pandemic-related funds, the Market Facilitation Program, which offered a sequence of direct funds to farmers and ranchers impacted by commerce retaliation, led to 2021 and won’t be a part of internet farm earnings going ahead. The “different supplemental and advert hoc catastrophe help” class consists of funds from the Wildfire and Hurricane Indemnity Program (WHIP+), High quality Loss Adjustment Program, and different farm invoice designated-disaster packages. These packages are anticipated to stay regular shifting ahead since they’re separate from the COVID-19 pandemic. In Determine 2, complete commodity insurance coverage indemnities, that are triggered within the occasion of income or yield loss for growers who’ve bought crop insurance coverage, aren’t direct authorities funds however are included for comparability. Commodity insurance coverage indemnities are anticipated to extend in 2022 by 49%, or $5.5 billion, shifting from $11.3 billion to $16.8 billion. This enhance is probably a results of elevated crop insurance coverage enrollment by those that acquired a WHIP+ fee who should buy crop insurance coverage or Noninsured Crop Catastrophe Help Program protection (when crop insurance coverage shouldn’t be accessible) for the subsequent two accessible crop years underneath program necessities.
An evaluation of extra items of the web farm earnings assertion reveals that money receipts for gross sales of agricultural commodities like crops and livestock are anticipated to extend by $29.3 billion, a rise of 6.8% from 2021, reaching $461.9 billion in 2022. This features a $12 billion, or 5.1%, enhance in extra money returns for crops and an extra $17.4 billion, or 8.9%, for livestock merchandise. On the fee facet, manufacturing bills, together with operator dwelling bills, are forecasted to extend by $20.1 billion, or 5.1%, reaching $411.6 billion in 2022, the very best manufacturing prices farmers have ever confronted. This consists of will increase in prices like cumulative feed, which is anticipated to extend practically $4 billion, or 6.1%, to $68.9 billion. Fertilizer, lime and soil conditioner prices are anticipated to extend $3.4 billion, or 12%, from $28.5 billion to $31.9 billion. Sometimes, fertilizers characterize about 15% of a crop farmer’s prices and a rise of this magnitude may very well be crushing for some producers with out the substantial will increase in income. Different elevated manufacturing prices within the manufactured inputs class embrace pesticides, that are anticipated up $308 million, or 2%, from $16.9 billion to $17.2 billion and fuels and oils are additionally anticipated up 2%, or $329 million, from $15.9 billion to $16.2 billion. Farmers and ranchers are dealing with the identical challenges different People are dealing with with the elevated value of electrical energy, which is anticipated to extend $433 million, or 5.4%, for producers, from $6.1 billion to just about $6.6 billion. Different farm-related earnings, which incorporates issues like earnings from customized work, machine rent, commodity insurance coverage indemnities and hire acquired by operator landlords, is estimated to extend by $6.2 billion, or 18%, from $32.7 billion to $38.9 billion in 2022. When all these components are accounted for, the ensuing lower in forecasted internet farm earnings turns into extra obvious, as illustrated in Determine 3.
Different Farm Monetary Indicators
USDA’s Farm Sector Earnings Forecast additionally supplies expectations of farm monetary indicators that may give perception into the general monetary well being of the farm economic system. Throughout 2022, U.S. farm sector debt is projected to extend $13.05 billion, or practically 3%, to a document $467.4 billion. Practically 67% of farm debt is within the type of actual property debt, as for the land to develop crops and lift livestock. Actual property debt is projected to extend $10.2 billion to a record-high $311.9 billion, largely as a consequence of an enhance in land values throughout the nation. Non-real property debt, or debt for purchases of issues like tools, equipment, feed and livestock, is projected to extend solely barely to $155.4 billion. The worth of the farm belongings which might be bought by way of farm debt, together with farmland, animals, equipment and autos and crops in stock, is projected to succeed in $3.31 trillion, $42.2 billion larger than 2021. Most of this enhance, $26.8 billion, can also be attributed to larger farmland values. The necessary piece right here is that the worth of belongings being bought with debt is rising and it’ll proceed to be necessary for farmers and ranchers to pay down debt and canopy curiosity in an effort to keep a wholesome stability sheet.
Primarily based on 2022 debt and asset ranges, USDA expects the debt-to-asset ratio to be over 14% for 2022, which might be the very best since 2002, that means farmers have elevated their borrowing. Yearly since 2012, other than 2021, throughout which they marginally decreased, debt-to-asset ranges have climbed larger.
Working capital, which takes into consideration present belongings and liabilities, is the amount of money and cash-convertible belongings minus quantities as a consequence of collectors inside 12 months. In 2022, working capital is projected to fall by $3.1 billion, or 3.3%, to $93 billion, which is the primary decline since 2016, and stays 30% beneath ranges in 2014, when farmers and ranchers held $121 billion in working capital. Decrease ranges of working capital would recommend that many U.S. farmers have simply sufficient capital to service their short-term debt, so long as rates of interest stay stagnant.
One other metric that highlights the priority about farmer profitability in 2022 is the speed of return on belongings. For 2022, the speed of return on belongings is projected at lower than 3.5%. The speed of return in agriculture has been lower than 6% for eight consecutive years and is in stark distinction to the ten%-to-16% returns skilled from 2010 to 2012. This basically signifies that farmers and ranchers are seeing smaller revenues or returns for the investments made in the price of manufacturing and in belongings used to supply a farm product. Determine 4 highlights U.S. farm sector debt, the debt-to-asset ratio and the speed of return on farm belongings.
USDA launched the newest estimates for 2022 internet farm earnings, offering a really early estimate of the farm monetary image. For 2022, USDA anticipates a slight decline in internet farm earnings, shifting from $119.1 billion in 2021 to $113.7 billion, a lower of 4.5%. Whereas a majority of the 2022 internet farm earnings is anticipated to be produced by crop and livestock money receipts, a rise in manufacturing prices and a lower in advert hoc authorities help leads to an total discount of forecasted internet farm earnings. Farmers and ranchers are most involved in regards to the enhance in manufacturing prices, notably in fertilizer and different inputs, the price of which can problem their potential to succeed in above breakeven. That is obvious in USDA’s estimate for farm monetary indicators, which reveals a decline in working capital and a rise in farm debt. A lot of the priority throughout farm nation now turns to having sufficient working capital to cowl short-term debt whereas rates of interest stay low, however speedy will increase to rates of interest might put farmers leveraged with a bigger quantity of debt in a tougher monetary place. Managing monetary threat by reducing manufacturing prices and diversifying revenues, and even supplementing revenues with off-farm earnings, are a number of the options farmers are contemplating. The anticipation of a weaker year-end stability sheet, regardless of above common internet farm earnings, is a powerful reminder of the challenges farmers and ranchers face.
Daniel Munch
Affiliate Economist
(202) 406-3669
[email protected]
Shelby Myers
(202) 406-3724
[email protected]

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